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Culture moderates children's responses to ostracism situations

Over, Harriet, Uskul, Ayse K. (2016) Culture moderates children's responses to ostracism situations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 110 (5). pp. 710-724. ISSN 0022-3514. E-ISSN 1939-1315. (doi:10.1037/pspi0000050)

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Abstract

Across a series of studies, we investigate cultural differences in children’s responses to ostracism situations. Working with the children of farmers and herders, we focus on how painful children estimate ostracism to be. Study 1a showed that that 3- to 8-year-old children from a socially interdependent farming community estimated ostracism to be less painful than did children from an independent herding community. Study 1b showed that this cultural difference was specific to social pain and did not apply to physical pain. Study 2 replicated the results of Study 1a and showed that individual differences in parents’ level of social interdependence mediated the relationship between cultural group and how painful children estimate ostracism to be. Study 3 replicated this effect again and showed that children’s tendency to recommend seeking social support following ostracism mediated the relationship between cultural group and the perceived pain of being excluded. Finally, Study 4 investigated cultural differences in moral responses to ostracism and showed that children from the farming community punished an individual who ostracised someone else less harshly than did children from the independent herding community. Thus different economic cultures are associated with striking differences in social interdependence and responses to ostracism from early in development.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1037/pspi0000050
Uncontrolled keywords: Ostracism, social-cognitive development, herders and farmers, interdependence, Turkey
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology > Social Psychology
Depositing User: Ayse K. Uskul
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2016 22:17 UTC
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 16:55 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/53893 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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