Skip to main content

Cancer symptom awareness and barriers to symptomatic presentation in England – Are we clear on cancer?

Niksic, M., Rachet, B., Warburton, F.G., Wardle, J., Ramirez, A.J., Forbes, L.J.L. (2015) Cancer symptom awareness and barriers to symptomatic presentation in England – Are we clear on cancer? British Journal of Cancer, 113 . pp. 533-542. ISSN 0007-0920. E-ISSN 1532-1827. (doi:10.1038/bjc.2015.164) (KAR id:53836)

PDF Publisher pdf
Language: English

Click to download this file (487kB)
[thumbnail of bjc2015164a.pdf]
This file may not be suitable for users of assistive technology.
Request an accessible format
Official URL:


Background: Low cancer awareness may contribute to delayed diagnosis and poor cancer survival. We aimed to quantify socio-demographic differences in cancer symptom awareness and barriers to symptomatic presentation in the English population.

Methods: Using a uniquely large data set (n=49?270), we examined the association of cancer symptom awareness and barriers to presentation with age, gender, marital status and socio-economic position (SEP), using logistic regression models to control for confounders.

Results: The youngest and oldest, the single and participants with the lowest SEP recognised the fewest cancer symptoms, and reported most barriers to presentation. Recognition of nine common cancer symptoms was significantly lower, and embarrassment, fear and difficulties in arranging transport to the doctor’s surgery were significantly more common in participants living in the most deprived areas than in the most affluent areas. Women were significantly more likely than men to both recognise common cancer symptoms and to report barriers. Women were much more likely compared with men to report that fear would put them off from going to the doctor.

Conclusions: Large and robust socio-demographic differences in recognition of some cancer symptoms, and perception of some barriers to presentation, highlight the need for targeted campaigns to encourage early presentation and improve cancer outcomes.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1038/bjc.2015.164
Uncontrolled keywords: cancer awareness; symptom recognition; barriers to presentation; social inequality
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology
Divisions: Divisions > Division for the Study of Law, Society and Social Justice > School of Social Policy, Sociology and Social Research > Centre for Health Services Studies
Depositing User: Lindsay Forbes
Date Deposited: 22 Jan 2016 16:18 UTC
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2022 23:05 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Forbes, L.J.L.:
  • Depositors only (login required):

Total unique views for this document in KAR since July 2020. For more details click on the image.