The Debate on the Baltic Crusades and the Making of Europe

Bombi, Barbara (2013) The Debate on the Baltic Crusades and the Making of Europe. History Compass, 11 (9). pp. 751-764. ISSN 1478-0542. E-ISSN 1478-0542. (doi:10.1111/hic3.12080) (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/hic3.12080

Abstract

The Baltic Crusades represent a long-term phenomenon that lasted for about 300?years (1147–1525). The nature of these crusades has been controversial from the very beginning, as they aimed at conquering new land, expanding and consolidating the borders of Christendom, as well as at converting the local pagan population. Along with the ethical issues that are linked to conversion by means of crusading, the debate on the Baltic Crusades has also been heavily influenced by the political situation in the Baltic region and the making of Europe in the 20th century, from German domination and the rise of National Socialism, to the Cold War and finally the independence of the Baltic republics. Two historiographical approaches are mainly addressed in this essay: on the one hand, some works have focused on the religious aspects of mission, conversion and crusading, taking into account the role of the papacy, preaching and ecclesiastical institutions; on the other hand, historians have been interested in conversion and crusading in the Baltic region as means of economic, social and political expansion that contributed to the formation of political unity in Europe during the High Middle Ages, foreshadowing to some extent the well-known events of the 20th century.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1111/hic3.12080
Subjects: D History General and Old World
Divisions: Faculties > Humanities > School of History
Depositing User: M.R.L. Hurst
Date Deposited: 19 Jan 2016 12:25 UTC
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 16:52 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/53731 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Bombi, Barbara: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5602-5800
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