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Seed dispersal by frugivorous bats in Central Guyana and a description of previously unknown plant-animal interactions

Horsley, Thomas W.B., Bicknell, Jake E., Lim, Burton K., Ammerman, Loren K. (2015) Seed dispersal by frugivorous bats in Central Guyana and a description of previously unknown plant-animal interactions. Acta Chiropterologica, 17 (2). pp. 331-336. ISSN 1508-1109. E-ISSN 1733-5329. (doi:10.3161/15081109ACC2015.17.2.008)

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https://doi.org/10.3161/15081109ACC2015.17.2.008

Abstract

Species of bats in the subfamilies Stenodermatinae and Carolliinae are primarily frugivores, and through the ingestion of fruit and defecation of seeds, they play a crucial role in their environment through the dispersal of early successional and pioneer plants contributing to reforestation. These ecosystem services provided by frugivorous bats are becoming more critical with time, as anthropogenic habitat destruction continues to rise. The objective of this study was to survey the plant species dispersed by frugivorous bats in a tropical rainforest in Guyana. Fecal samples were taken from captured frugivorous bats and stomach contents were taken from a representative collection. The four most common bats were Artibeus planirostris, A. obscurus, A. lituratus, and Carollia perspicillata, which accounted for 67% of total captures in mist nets set in the forest understory. Twenty plant species were identified in fecal and stomach content samples with the most abundant (Ficus nymphaeifolia, Piper bartlingianum, Cecropia latiloba, and C. sciadophylla) accounting for 60% of the total. Cecropia latiloba, which is an early colonizer of floodplains throughout the Guiana Shield and Amazon River Basin was previously unknown to be bat dispersed. Seven plant species were documented as being dispersed by nine bat species for the first time. These results enhance our understanding of seed dispersal by Neotropical bats, specifically by revealing previously unknown bat/plant relationships.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.3161/15081109ACC2015.17.2.008
Uncontrolled keywords: Cecropia latiloba, bat-plant interactions, recruitment, regeneration, tropical forest, Artibeus, Carollia, dispersal, Neotropics
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH75 Conservation (Biology)
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation > DICE (Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology)
Depositing User: Jake Bicknell
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2016 16:32 UTC
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 16:52 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/53695 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Bicknell, Jake E.: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6831-627X
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