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International support for the Arab uprisings: Understanding sympathetic collective action using theories of social dominance and social identity

Stewart, Andrew L., Pratto, Felicia, Zeineddine, Fouad Bou, Sweetman, Joseph, Eicher, Véronique, Licata, Laurent, Morselli, Davide, Saab, Rim, Aiello, Antonio, Chryssochoou, Xenia, and others. (2016) International support for the Arab uprisings: Understanding sympathetic collective action using theories of social dominance and social identity. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 19 . pp. 6-26. ISSN 1368-4302. E-ISSN 1461-7188. (doi:10.1177/1368430214558310)

Abstract

Inspired by the popular Arab protests against oppressive regimes that began in 2010, people around the world protested in sympathy with the Arab peoples. The present research draws on two major theories of intergroup relations to develop an initial integrative model of sympathetic collective action. We incorporate social dominance theory’s (SDT) concept of (rejectionist) legitimizing myths with the solidarity and emotional mediation concept of the social identity model of collective action (SIMCA) to understand motivations for sympathetic collective action among bystanders. Using data from 12 nations (N = 1,480), we tested three models: (a) SIMCA (i.e., solidarity, anger, and efficacy), (b) a social dominance theory model of collective action (i.e., social dominance orientation and ideologies concerning Arab competence), and (c) an integrated model of sympathetic collective action combining both theories. Results find the greatest support for an integrated model of collective action. Discussion focuses on theoretical pluralism and suggestions for future research.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1177/1368430214558310
Uncontrolled keywords: collective action, ideology, identity, social change, social dominance
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology > Social Psychology
Depositing User: Aleksandra Cichocka
Date Deposited: 07 Jan 2016 21:31 UTC
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 16:51 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/53652 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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