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Do adults with high functioning autism or Asperger Syndrome differ in empathy and emotion recognition?

Montgomery, C.B., Allison, C., Lai, M.C., Langdon, Peter E., Baron-Cohen, Simon (2016) Do adults with high functioning autism or Asperger Syndrome differ in empathy and emotion recognition? Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 46 (6). pp. 1931-1940. ISSN 0162-3257. E-ISSN 1573-3432. (doi:10.1007/s10803-016-2698-4)

Abstract

The present study examined whether adults with high functioning autism (HFA) showed greater difficulties in (i) their self-reported ability to empathise with others and/or (ii) their ability to read mental states in others’ eyes than adults with Asperger syndrome (AS). The Empathy Quotient (EQ) and ‘Reading the Mind in the Eyes’ Test (Eyes Test) were compared in 43 adults with AS and 43 adults with HFA. No significant difference was observed on EQ score between groups, while adults with AS performed significantly better on the Eyes Test than those with HFA. This suggests that adults with HFA may need more support, particularly in mentalizing and complex emotion recognition, and raises questions about the existence of subgroups within autism spectrum conditions.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1007/s10803-016-2698-4
Uncontrolled keywords: Autism; Asperger; Empathy; Emotion; DSM-5
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Social Policy Sociology and Social Research
Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Social Policy Sociology and Social Research > Tizard
Depositing User: Peter Langdon
Date Deposited: 06 Jan 2016 10:56 UTC
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 16:50 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/53605 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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