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Microwear and morphology: Functional relationships between human dental microwear and the mandible

Mahoney, Patrick (2006) Microwear and morphology: Functional relationships between human dental microwear and the mandible. Journal of Human Evolution, 50 . pp. 452-459. ISSN 0047-2484. (doi:10.1016/j.jhevol.2005.11.003) (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided) (KAR id:53220)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2005.11.003

Abstract

Microscopic pits and scratches form on teeth during chewing, but the extent to which their formation is influenced by mandibular morphology is unknown. Digitized micrographs of the base of facet nine of the first, second, and third mandibular molar were used to record microwear features from an archaeological sample of modern humans recovered from Semna South in northern Sudan (n 38; 100 BC to AD 350). Micro- wear patterns of the molar row are correlated with mandibular corpus width and depth, and with mandibular length. Variations in shear and compression at the base of facet nine during chewing were inferred. It may be that some correlations between microwear and mandibular mor- phology are predictable, reflecting similar aspects of masticatory loading, though the full extent of the relationship remains to be resolved.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2005.11.003
Subjects: H Social Sciences
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation
Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation > Biological Anthropology
Depositing User: Patrick Mahoney
Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2015 17:08 UTC
Last Modified: 23 Jan 2020 04:11 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/53220 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Mahoney, Patrick: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2715-3096
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