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Biological Insights into the Expression of Translation Initiation Factors from Recombinant CHOK1SV Cell Lines and their Relationship to Enhanced Productivity

Mead, Emma J, Masterton, Rosalyn J., Feary, Marc, Obrezanova, Olga, Zhang, Lin, Young, Robert, Smales, Christopher Mark (2015) Biological Insights into the Expression of Translation Initiation Factors from Recombinant CHOK1SV Cell Lines and their Relationship to Enhanced Productivity. Biochemical Journal, 472 (3). pp. 261-273. ISSN 0264-6021. E-ISSN 1470-8728. (doi:10.1042/BJ20150928) (KAR id:52257)

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Translation initiation is on the critical pathway for the production of monoclonal antibodies (mAb) by mammalian cells. Formation of a closed loop structure comprised of mRNA, a number of eukaryotic initiation factors and ribosomal proteins has been proposed to aid re-initiation of translation and therefore increase global translational efficiency. We have determined mRNA and protein levels of the key components of the closed loop; eukaryotic initiation factors (eIF3a, eIF3b, eIF3c, eIF3h, eIF3i and eIF4G1), poly(A) binding protein (PABP) 1 and PABP interacting protein 1 (PAIP1) across a panel of 30 recombinant mAb-producing GS-CHOK1SV cell lines with a broad range of growth characteristics and production levels of a model recombinant mAb. We have used a multi-level statistical approach to investigate the relationship between key performance indicators (cell growth and recombinant antibody productivity) and the intracellular amounts of target translation initiation factor proteins and the mRNAs encoding them. We show that high-producing cell lines maintain amounts of the translation initiation factors involved in the formation of the closed loop mRNA, maintaining these proteins at appropriate levels to deliver enhanced recombinant protein production. We then utilise knowledge of the amounts of these factors to build predictive models for, and use cluster analysis to identify, high-producing cell lines. This study therefore defines the translation initiation factor amounts that are associated with highly productive recombinant GS-CHOK1SV cell lines that may be targets for screening highly productive cell lines or to engineer new host cell lines with the potential for enhanced recombinant antibody productivity.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1042/BJ20150928
Uncontrolled keywords: Chinese hamster ovary (CHO); mRNA translation initiation; monoclonal antibody; translation factors; predictive models
Subjects: Q Science
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Natural Sciences > Biosciences
Depositing User: Mark Smales
Date Deposited: 23 Nov 2015 14:20 UTC
Last Modified: 09 Dec 2022 00:29 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Smales, Christopher Mark:
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