# The RMS survey H2O masers towards a sample of southern hemisphere massive YSO candidates and ultra compact HII regions

Urquhart, J.S., Hoare, Melvin G., Lumsden, Stuart L., Oudmaijer, Rene D., Moore, Toby J.T., Brook, P.R., Mottram, Joseph C., Davies, Ben, Stead, Joseph J. (2009) The RMS survey H2O masers towards a sample of southern hemisphere massive YSO candidates and ultra compact HII regions. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 507 (2). pp. 795-802. ISSN 0004-6361. (doi:10.1051/0004-6361/200912608) (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided) (KAR id:52234)

 The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided. Official URLhttp://www.dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/200912608

## Abstract

Context. The red MSX source (RMS) survey has identified a large sample of candidate massive young stellar objects (MYSOs) and ultra compact (UC) HII regions from a sample of ~2000 MSX and 2MASS colour selected sources.

Aims. To search for H2O masers towards a large sample of young high mass stars and to investigate the statistical correlation of H2O masers with the earliest stages of massive star formation.

Methods. We have used the Mopra Radio telescope to make position-switched observations towards ~500 UCHII regions and MYSOs candidates identified from the RMS survey and located between 190°?<?l?<?30°. These observations have a 4$\sigma$ sensitivity of ~1 Jy and a velocity resolution of ~0.4 km s-1.

Results. We have detected 161 H2O masers, approximately 75% of which were previously unknown. Comparing the maser velocities with the velocities of the RMS sources, determined from 13CO observations, we have identified 135 RMS-H2O maser associations, which corresponds to a detection rate of ~27%. Taking into account the differences in sensitivity and source selection we find our detection rate is in general agreement with previously reported surveys.

Conclusions. We find similar detection rates for UCHII regions and MYSOs candidates, suggesting that the conditions needed for maser activity are equally likely in these two stages of the star formation process. Looking at the detection rate as a function of distance from the Galactic centre we find it significantly enhanced within the solar circle, peaking at ~37% between 6–7 kpc, which is consistent with previous surveys of UC HII regions, possibly indicating the presence of a high proportion of more luminous YSOs and HII regions.

Item Type: Article 10.1051/0004-6361/200912608 stars: formation -- stars: early-type -- stars: pre-main sequence Q Science > QB Astronomy > QB460 Astrophysics Divisions > Division of Natural Sciences > Physics and Astronomy James Urquhart 30 Nov 2015 16:13 UTC 16 Nov 2021 10:21 UTC https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/52234 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes) https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1605-8050