Skip to main content
Kent Academic Repository

The Role of Three-Body Interactions on the Equilibrium and Non-Equilibrium Properties of Fluids from Molecular Simulation

Marcelli, Gianluca (2001) The Role of Three-Body Interactions on the Equilibrium and Non-Equilibrium Properties of Fluids from Molecular Simulation. Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) thesis, Swinburne University of Technology. (KAR id:51538)

Language: English
Download this file
[thumbnail of Gianluca Marcelli PhD Thesis.pdf]


The aim of this work is to use molecular simulation to investigate the role of

three-body interatomic potentials in noble gas systems for two distinct

phenomena: phase equilibria and shear flow. In particular we studied the

vapour-liquid coexisting phase for pure systems (argon, krypton and x enon) and

for an argon-krypton mixture, utilizing the technique called Monte Carlo Gibbs

ensemble. We also studied the dependence of the shear viscosity, pressure and

energy with the strain rate in planar Couette flow, using a non-equilibrium

molecular simulation (NEMD) technique.

The results we present in this work demonstrate that three-body interactions

play an important role in the overall interatomic interactions of noble gases. This

is demonstrated by the good agreement between our simulation results and the

experimental data for both equilibrium and non-equilibrium systems.

The good results for vapour-liquid coexisting phases encourage performing

further computer simulations with realistic potentials. This may improve the

prediction of quantities like critical temperature and density, in particular of

substances for which these properties are difficult to obtain from experiment.

We have demonstrated that use of accurate two- and three-body potentials for

shearing liquid argon and xenon displays significant departure from the

expected strain rate dependencies of the pressure, energy and shear viscosity.

For the first time, the pressure is convincingly observed to vary linearly with an

apparent analytic g&2 dependence, in contrast to the predicted g&3/ 2 dependence

of mode -coupling theory. Our best extrapolation of the zero -shear viscosity for

argon gives excellent agreement (within 1%) with the known experimental data.

To the best of our knowledge, this the first time that such accuracy has been

achieved with NEMD simulations. This encourages performing simulations with

accurate potentials for transport properties.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctor of Philosophy (PhD))
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics > QC173.45 Condensed Matter
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Computing, Engineering and Mathematical Sciences > School of Engineering and Digital Arts
Depositing User: Gianluca Marcelli
Date Deposited: 11 Nov 2015 11:24 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2021 10:21 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

University of Kent Author Information

  • Depositors only (login required):

Total unique views for this document in KAR since July 2020. For more details click on the image.