Initial analysis of drug-induced heterogeneity in cancer cell lines

Walden, Georgia (2015) Initial analysis of drug-induced heterogeneity in cancer cell lines. Master of Science by Research (MScRes) thesis, University of Kent. (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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Abstract

Drug-induced heterogeneity of cancer cells is a known concept that is not well understood. Heterogeneity is a common characteristic of cancer and describes how cancer cells of the same tumour can show distinct morphologies and genetic phenotypes, due to an increased cell cycle and thus elevated occurrence of mutations. The exposure of cancer to drugs is thought to be a diver of heterogeneity leading to acquired-drug resistance. This is when a cancer mass that was once sensitive to a particular drug is no longer effected by it and results in treatment failure, leading to loss of life of the patient if no other treatments are available. The problem with heterogeneity and acquired-drug resistance is they can’t be easily studied due to the need for multiple and extensive biopsies of the patient’s cancer. Therefore the only way to study the process of the formation of drug-induced heterogeneity is through experimental investigations into model cell lines. Here we attempt to standardise an adaptation protocol for the formation of resistant cell lines, with the aim of creating a protocol that allows comparison between different cell lines and different drugs. We also wish to better understand the formation of resistance in UKFNB-3 cell lines with the hope of later identifying cross-resistance with other drugs. Moreover, we aim the better understand heterogeneity by establishing clonal cell lines of UKF-NB-3 and exposing them to a number of tubulin-binding drugs, with the aim of making comparisons between the clones and other established clones with acquired resistance to a number of drugs. We found that repeated adaptation of cell lines to the same drug results in resistant heterogenic sub-lines. We also concluded that exposure of cells to drugs of a similar mechanism of action can lead to varying results.

Item Type: Thesis (Master of Science by Research (MScRes))
Uncontrolled keywords: Cellular Biology
Subjects: R Medicine
Divisions: Faculties > Sciences > School of Biosciences
Depositing User: Users 1 not found.
Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2015 15:00 UTC
Last Modified: 03 Aug 2016 11:36 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/51178 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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