Job strain, effort-reward imbalance and stress at work: competing or complementary models?

Calnan, Michael .W. and Wadsworth, Emma and May, Margaret and Smith, Andrew and Wainwright, David (2004) Job strain, effort-reward imbalance and stress at work: competing or complementary models? Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 32 (2). pp. 84-93. ISSN 1403-4948. (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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The Demand Control Model (DCM) and the Effort-Reward Imbalance Model (ERI) offer putative explanations of the relationship between stressful working conditions, job strain, and psychological and physical ill health. Aims: The aims of this study are to: (a) compare the predictive powers of the two models for explaining perceived job stress and mental distress amongst workers as a whole, (b) identify whether a model which combines dimensions of the DCM and ERI might have more predictive power than either of them separately, and (c) ascertain whether the models make distinct contributions to explaining stress at work in specific occupational settings. Methods: Statistical analysis was carried out on data collected from a cross-sectional postal survey of a random sample (n=7,069), of the adult population in an urban area in Southern England. The analysis focused on the 4,135 respondents who were in paid employment. Results: There was little support for combining the models as the combined model was dominated by the predictive power of dimensions from the ERI. However, the results also showed that the models or dimensions of the models made distinct contributions to explaining perceived work stress in different types of occupation. Conclusions: There is little evidence to support a combined model of work characteristics. The ERI appears to be the stronger of the two models although the DCM has explanatory value for specific occupations.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Social Policy Sociology and Social Research > Centre for Health Services Studies
Depositing User: Helen Wooldridge
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2008 08:05
Last Modified: 06 May 2014 10:43
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