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Development of microwave synthetic routes to silica and gadolinium oxide nanoparticles for potential bio-imaging applications

Weir, Charles (2015) Development of microwave synthetic routes to silica and gadolinium oxide nanoparticles for potential bio-imaging applications. Master of Science by Research (MScRes) thesis, University of Kent,.

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Abstract

The main aim of this research was to develop microwave synthetic pathways to monodisperse silica nanoparticles, which have potential uses in bio-imaging. Functionalisation of these nanoparticles was also attempted, using the fluorescent dye, Rhodamine B. Microwave synthesis was also investigated as a route to metal oxide nanoparticles, specifically gadolinium oxide and doped-gadolinium oxide nanoparticles, which find uses as magnetic resonance contrast agents.

A novel method to produce silica nanoparticles using a one-pot microwave synthesis has been developed. It has been demonstrated that small monodisperse silica nanoparticles can be prepared at temperatures as low as 50°C for a reaction time of as little as 30 minutes. This has been achieved using a combination of the traditional Stöber process and the use of microwave irradiation, with tertraethoxyorthosilicate as a precursor, in ethanol, water and ammonium hydroxide. A systematic study has been carried out, varying the reaction times and temperatures to identify the optimum synthetic conditions. The temperatures used were 50, 75, 85 and 100°C and the reaction times used were 0.5, 1, 2 and 5 h. To analyse particle size (Z-average) and polydispersity, dynamic light scattering (DLS) were employed. Scanning electron microscopy was also used to image the nanoparticles. It was found that typically smaller particles, with an average size of 65 nm or lower, displayed high monodispersity, compared to larger particles.

Fluorescent doping of silica nanoparticles was also demonstrated using the dye Rhodamine B. These particles were larger in size compared to the pure silica nanoparticles analogues, but remained highly fluorescent, even two months after synthesis.

Gadolinium oxide and europium-doped gadolinium oxide nanoparticles were also prepared using a combination of microwave irradiation and polyol synthesis. Both sets of particles displayed fluorescent properties, which could make them useful in future bioimaging applications.

Item Type: Thesis (Master of Science by Research (MScRes))
Thesis advisor: McCabe, Emma
Thesis advisor: Arnold, Donna C.
Uncontrolled keywords: silica microwave synthesis fluorescence DLS nanoparticles bioimaging biochemistry materials monodisperse SEM polyol Stober polydispersity PdI z-average gadolinium oxide europium
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics > QC176.8.N35 Nanoscience, nanotechnology
Divisions: Faculties > Sciences > School of Physical Sciences
Depositing User: Users 1 not found.
Date Deposited: 15 Oct 2015 13:00 UTC
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2019 10:39 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/51035 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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