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Modelling the cost-effectiveness of mitigation methods for multiple pollutants at farm scale

Gooday, R.D., Anthony, S.G., Chadwick, D.R., Newell-Price, P., Harris, D., Duethmann, D., Fish, R, Collins, A.L., Winter, M. (2013) Modelling the cost-effectiveness of mitigation methods for multiple pollutants at farm scale. Science of The Total Environment, 468/69 . pp. 1198-1209. ISSN 0048-9697. (doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.04.078) (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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Abstract

Reductions in agricultural pollution are essential for meeting nationally and internationally agreed policy targets for losses to both air and water. Numerous studies quantify the impact of relevant mitigation methods by field experimentation or computer modelling. The majority of these studies have addressed individual methods and frequently also individual pollutants. This paper presents a conceptual model for the synthesis of the evidence base to calculate the impact of multiple methods addressing multiple pollutants in order to identify least cost solutions for multiple policy objectives. The model is implemented as a farm scale decision support tool that quantifies baseline pollutant losses for identifiable sources, areas and pathways and incorporates a genetic algorithm based multi-objective procedure for determining optimal suites of mitigation methods. The tool is generic as baseline losses can be replaced with measured data and the default library of mitigation methods can be edited and expanded. The tool is demonstrated through application to two contrasting farm systems, using survey data on agricultural practices typical of England and Wales. These examples show how the tool could be used to help target the adoption of mitigation options for the control of diffuse pollution from agriculture. The feedback from workshops where Farmscoper was demonstrated is included to highlight the potential role of Farmscoper as part of the farm advisory process.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.04.078
Uncontrolled keywords: Diffuse pollution; Mitigation methods; Modelling; Farmscoper
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
S Agriculture
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation
Depositing User: Robert Fish
Date Deposited: 15 Oct 2015 10:14 UTC
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 16:06 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/50860 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Fish, R: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7198-0403
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