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Perfectionism and attitudes toward cognitive enhancers (“smart drugs”)

Stoeber, Joachim, Hotham, Sarah (2016) Perfectionism and attitudes toward cognitive enhancers (“smart drugs”). Personality and Individual Differences, 88 . pp. 170-174. (doi:10.1016/j.paid.2015.09.011) (KAR id:50405)

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Perfectionism is a personality disposition characterized by exceedingly high standards of performance and pressure to be perfect which may incline students to take cognitive enhancers (“smart drugs”) to boost their academic performance. So far, however, no study has investigated the relationships of multidimensional perfectionism and attitudes toward cognitive enhancers. The present study investigated these relationships in 272 university students examining different dimensions of perfectionism. Results showed that socially prescribed perfectionism, perfectionist concerns and doubts, and perceived parental pressure to be perfect showed positive correlations with attitudes favoring the use of cognitive enhancers. In contrast, self-oriented perfectionism, perfectionist personal standards, and organization showed negative correlations. The findings suggest that perfectionism may play a role as both a risk factor for and a protective factor against using cognitive enhancers depending on what dimensions of perfectionism are regarded.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1016/j.paid.2015.09.011
Uncontrolled keywords: perfectionism; attitudes; pharmacological cognitive performance enhancement; smart drugs; morality; cheating; social pressure; health and safety
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Joachim Stoeber
Date Deposited: 07 Sep 2015 12:31 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2021 13:27 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Stoeber, Joachim:
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