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A Parent-Mediated Naturalistic Behavioural Intervention for Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Hughes, Jamie (2015) A Parent-Mediated Naturalistic Behavioural Intervention for Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) thesis, University of Kent. (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided) (KAR id:50002)

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Language: English

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Abstract

There are several studies that demonstrate the effectiveness of Pivotal Response Training (PRT) as an evidence-based intervention for children with ASD. However, very few researchers have conducted studies on parent’s use of these strategies, specifically in naturally occurring contexts (i.e., home setting). This study was a preliminary attempt to teach parents how to implement the six motivational procedures of PRT during everyday routines. A concurrent multiple baseline design across nine parent-child dyads consisting of baseline, intervention, and post-intervention phases was utilized. Parent-child interactions were conducted in a free play context to code for parent in- structions or comments provided, parental responsiveness, and changes in the children’s social communication behaviours. Results of the study showed improvements in social communication and decreases in challenging behaviour, as a result of the parent-mediated intervention. Additional- ly, the results of the study suggest that in spite of the lack of consistent fidelity at the specified 80% criterion, children with autism still demonstrated social communication, play, and behavioural ben- efits, during interactions with their parents. Parents reported lower levels of stress and were overall satisfied with the intervention. Findings from this study demonstrate the feasibility of PRT parent- mediated interventions based on PRT conducted in natural environments.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctor of Philosophy (PhD))
Thesis advisor: Beadle-Brown, Julie
Uncontrolled keywords: parent training, autism spectrum disorder, pivotal response training
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Social Policy Sociology and Social Research
Depositing User: Users 1 not found.
Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2015 11:00 UTC
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2020 04:12 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/50002 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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