Children’s prosocial behavioural intentions toward outgroup members: The effects of intergroup competition, empathy and social perspective taking.

Abrams, Dominic and Pelletier, Joseph and Van de Vyer, Julie and Cameron, Lindsey and Lee, E (2015) Children’s prosocial behavioural intentions toward outgroup members: The effects of intergroup competition, empathy and social perspective taking. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 33 (3). pp. 277-294. ISSN 0261-510X. (doi:https://doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12085) (Full text available)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12085

Abstract

When will children decide to help outgroup peers? We examined how intergroup competition, social perspective taking (SPT), and empathy influence children's (5–10 years, N = 287) prosocial intentions towards outgroup members. Study 1 showed that, in a minimal group situation, prosociality was lower in an intergroup competitive than in a non-competitive or interpersonal context. Study 2 revealed that, in a real groups situation involving intergroup competition, prosociality was associated with higher empathy and lower competitive motivation. In a subsequent non-competitive context, there were age differences in the impact of SPT and competitive motivation. With age, relationships strengthened between SPT and prosociality (positively) and between competitiveness and prosociality (negatively). Among older children, there was a carry-over effect whereby feelings of intergroup competitiveness aroused by the intergroup competitive context suppressed outgroup prosociality in the following non-competitive context. Theoretical and practical implications for improving children's intergroup relationships are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: prosociality;empathy;perspective taking;competition;intergroup
Subjects: H Social Sciences
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology > Developmental Psychology
Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Lindsey Cameron
Date Deposited: 31 May 2015 12:14 UTC
Last Modified: 03 Nov 2015 09:30 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/48696 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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