A new computational methodology for the construction of forensic, facial composites

Solomon, Christopher J. and Gibson, Stuart J. and Maylin, M. (2009) A new computational methodology for the construction of forensic, facial composites. n/a, The Hague. (doi:10.1007/978-3-642-03521-0_7) (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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Official URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-03521-0_7

Abstract

A facial composite generated from an eyewitness's memory often constitutes the first and only means available for police forces to identify a criminal suspect. To date, commercial computerised systems for constructing facial composites have relied almost exclusively on a feature-based, 'cut-andpaste' method whose effectiveness has been fundamentally limited by both the witness's limited ability to recall and verbalise facial features and by the large dimensionality of the search space. We outline a radically new approach to composite generation which combines a parametric, statistical model of facial appearance with a computational search algorithm based on interactive, evolutionary principles. We describe the fundamental principles on which the new system has been constructed, outline recent innovations in the computational search procedure and also report on the real-world experience of UK police forces who have been using a commercial version of the system. © 2009 Springer Berlin Heidelberg.

Item Type: Other
DOI/Identification number: 10.1007/978-3-642-03521-0_7
Additional information: Unmapped bibliographic data: LA - English [Field not mapped to EPrints] J2 - Lect. Notes Comput. Sci. [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - School of Physical Sciences, University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent CT2 7NJ, United Kingdom [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - School of Physics, National University of Ireland, Galway, Galway, Ireland [Field not mapped to EPrints] DB - Scopus [Field not mapped to EPrints] C3 - Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) [Field not mapped to EPrints]
Uncontrolled keywords: EFIT-V, Evolutionary algorithms, Facial composites, Composite generation, Computational methodology, Computerised systems, EFIT-V, Facial appearance, Facial composites, Facial feature, Feature-based, Fundamental principles, New approaches, New system, Police forces, Real-world experience, Search Algorithms, Search procedures, Search spaces, Statistical models, Computation theory, Law enforcement, Learning algorithms, Evolutionary algorithms
Subjects: Q Science
Divisions: Faculties > Sciences > School of Physical Sciences > Forensic Imaging Group
Depositing User: Giles Tarver
Date Deposited: 21 May 2015 10:28 UTC
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 14:34 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/48541 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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