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Holistic facial composite construction and subsequent lineup identification accuracy: Comparing adults and children

Davis, Josh P., Thorniley, Sarah, Gibson, Stuart J., Solomon, Christopher J. (2016) Holistic facial composite construction and subsequent lineup identification accuracy: Comparing adults and children. Journal of Psychology, 150 (1). pp. 102-118. ISSN 0022-3980. E-ISSN 1940-1019. (doi:10.1080/00223980.2015.1009867)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00223980.2015.1009867

Abstract

When the police have no suspect, they may ask an eyewitness to construct a facial composite of that suspect from memory. Faces are primarily processed holistically, and recently developed computerized holistic facial composite systems (e.g., EFIT-V) have been designed to match these processes. The reported research compared children aged 6–11 years with adults on their ability to construct a recognizable EFIT-V composite. Adult constructor's EFIT-Vs received significantly higher composite-suspect likeness ratings from assessors than children's, although there were some notable exceptions. In comparison to adults, the child constructors also overestimated the composite-suspect likeness of their own EFIT-Vs. In a second phase, there were no differences between adult controls and constructors in correct identification rates from video lineups. However, correct suspect identification rates by child constructors were lower than those of child controls, suggesting that a child's memory for the suspect can be adversely influenced by composite construction. Nevertheless, all child constructors coped with the demands of the EFIT-V system, and the implications for research, theory, and the criminal justice system practice are discussed.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1080/00223980.2015.1009867
Uncontrolled keywords: eyewitness identification, child witnesses, holistic facial composite, EFIT-V, video lineup
Subjects: Q Science
Divisions: Faculties > Sciences > School of Physical Sciences
Depositing User: Stuart Gibson
Date Deposited: 13 May 2015 10:03 UTC
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2020 04:12 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/48392 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Solomon, Christopher J.: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5057-4614
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