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Optimal set of EEG features for emotional state classification and trajectory visualization in Parkinson's disease

Yuvaraj, Rajamanickam, Murugappan, Murugappan, Ibrahim, Norlinah Mohamed, Sundaraj, Kenneth, Omar, Mohd Iqbal, Mohamad, Khairiyah, Palaniappan, Ramaswamy (2014) Optimal set of EEG features for emotional state classification and trajectory visualization in Parkinson's disease. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 94 (3). pp. 482-495. ISSN 0167-8760. (doi:10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2014.07.014)

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Abstract

In addition to classic motor signs and symptoms, individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) are characterized by emotional deficits. Ongoing brain activity can be recorded by electroencephalograph (EEG) to discover the links between emotional states and brain activity. This study utilized machine-learning algorithms to categorize emotional states in PD patients compared with healthy controls (HC) using EEG. Twenty non-demented PD patients and 20 healthy age-, gender-, and education level-matched controls viewed happiness, sadness, fear, anger, surprise, and disgust emotional stimuli while fourteen-channel EEG was being recorded. Multimodal stimulus (combination of audio and visual) was used to evoke the emotions. To classify the EEG-based emotional states and visualize the changes of emotional states over time, this paper compares four kinds of EEG features for emotional state classification and proposes an approach to track the trajectory of emotion changes with manifold learning. From the experimental results using our EEG data set, we found that (a) bispectrum feature is superior to other three kinds of features, namely power spectrum, wavelet packet and nonlinear dynamical analysis; (b) higher frequency bands (alpha, beta and gamma) play a more important role in emotion activities than lower frequency bands (delta and theta) in both groups and; (c) the trajectory of emotion changes can be visualized by reducing subject-independent features with manifold learning. This provides a promising way of implementing visualization of patient's emotional state in real time and leads to a practical system for noninvasive assessment of the emotional impairments associated with neurological disorders.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2014.07.014
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics (inc Computing science) > QA 75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Divisions: Faculties > Sciences > School of Computing > Data Science
Depositing User: Palaniappan Ramaswamy
Date Deposited: 15 Jul 2015 10:44 UTC
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 14:30 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/48277 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Palaniappan, Ramaswamy: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5296-8396
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