On Nonparametric Feature Filters in Electromagnetic Imaging

Zhang, Jian (2015) On Nonparametric Feature Filters in Electromagnetic Imaging. Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference, 164 . pp. 39-53. ISSN 0378-3758. (doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jspi.2015.03.004) (Full text available)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jspi.2015.03.004

Abstract

Estimation of sparse time-varying coefficients on the basis of time-dependent observations is one of the most challenging problems in statistics. Our study was mainly motivated from magnetoencephalographic neuroimaging, where we want to identify neural activities using the magnetoencephalographic sensor measurements outside the brain. The problem is ill-posed since the observed magnetic field could result from an infinite number of possible neuronal sources. The so-called minimum-variance beamformer is one of data-adaptive nonparametric feature filters to address the above problem in the literature. In this paper, we propose a method of sure feature filtering for a high-dimensional time-varying coefficient model. The new method assumes that the correlation structure of the sensor measurements can be well represented by a set of non-orthogonal variance-covariance components. We develop a theory on the sure screening property of the proposed filters and on when the beamformer-based location estimators are consistent or inconsistent with the true ones. We also derive the lower and upper bounds for the mean filtering errors of the proposed method. The new theory is further supported by simulations and a real data analysis.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: MEG neuroimaging; Beamforming; Nonparametric feature selection; Source screening and reconstruction
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics (inc Computing science) > QA276 Mathematical statistics
Divisions: Faculties > Sciences > School of Mathematics Statistics and Actuarial Science > Statistics
Depositing User: Jian Zhang
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2015 16:37 UTC
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2016 23:00 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/47812 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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