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The expression of the skeletal muscle force–length relationship in vivo: A simulation study

Winter, Samantha L., Challis, John H. (2010) The expression of the skeletal muscle force–length relationship in vivo: A simulation study. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 262 (4). pp. 634-643. ISSN 0022-5193. (doi:10.1016/j.jtbi.2009.10.028) (KAR id:47689)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2009.10.028

Abstract

The force-length relationship is one of the most important mechanical characteristics of skeletal muscle in humans and animals. For a physiologically realistic joint range of motion and therefore range of muscle fibre lengths only part of the force-length curve may be used in vivo, i.e. only a section of the force-length curve is expressed. A generalised model of a mono-articular muscle-tendon complex was used to examine the effect of various muscle architecture parameters on the expressed section of the force-length relationship for a 90 degree joint range of motion. The parameters investigated were: the ratio of tendon resting length to muscle fibre optimum length (LTR:LFOPT) (varied from 0.5 to 11.5), the ratio of muscle fibre optimum length to average moment arm (LFOPT:r) (varied from 0.5 to 5), the normalised tendon strain at maximum isometric force (c) (varied from 0 to 0.08), the muscle fibre pennation angle (THETA) (varied from 0 to 45 degrees) and the joint angle at which the optimum muscle fibre length occurred (PHI). The range of values chosen for each parameter was based on values reported in the literature for five human mono-articular muscles with different functional roles. The ratios LTR:LFOPT and LFOPT:r were important in determining the amount of variability in the expressed section of the force-length relationship. The modelled muscle operated over only one limb at intermediate values of these two ratios (LTR:LFOPT=5; LFOPT:r =3), whether this was the ascending or descending limb was determined by the precise values of the other parameters. It was concluded that inter-individual variability in the expressed section of the force-length relationship is possible, particularly for muscles with intermediate values of LTR:LFOPT and LFOPT:r such as the brachialis and vastus lateralis. Understanding the potential for inter-individual variability in the expressed section is important when using muscle models to simulate movement.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2009.10.028
Uncontrolled keywords: force-length, tendon, model, biomechanics
Subjects: Q Science
Q Science > QM Human anatomy
Divisions: Faculties > Sciences > School of Sport and Exercise Sciences
Depositing User: Samantha Winter
Date Deposited: 16 Mar 2015 13:41 UTC
Last Modified: 06 May 2020 03:12 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/47689 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Winter, Samantha L.: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7450-1105
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