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Targeted Conservation to Safeguard a Biodiversity Hotspot from Climate and Land-Cover Change

Struebig, Matthew J., Wilting, Andreas, Gaveau, David L.A., Meijaard, Erik, Smith, Robert J., Fischer, Manuela, Metcalfe, Kristian, Kramer-Schadt, Stephanie (2015) Targeted Conservation to Safeguard a Biodiversity Hotspot from Climate and Land-Cover Change. Current Biology, 25 (3). pp. 372-378. ISSN 0960-9822. (doi:10.1016/j.cub.2014.11.067) (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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Official URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2014.11.067

Abstract

Responses of biodiversity to changes in both land cover and climate are recognized [1] but still poorly understood [2]. This poses significant challenges for spatial planning as species could shift, contract, expand, or maintain their range inside or outside protected areas [2, 3 and 4]. We examine this problem in Borneo, a global biodiversity hotspot [5], using spatial prioritization analyses that maximize species conservation under multiple environmental-change forecasts. Climate projections indicate that 11%–36% of Bornean mammal species will lose ?30% of their habitat by 2080, and suitable ecological conditions will shift upslope for 23%–46%. Deforestation exacerbates this process, increasing the proportion of species facing comparable habitat loss to 30%–49%, a 2-fold increase on historical trends. Accommodating these distributional changes will require conserving land outside existing protected areas, but this may be less than anticipated from models incorporating deforestation alone because some species will colonize high-elevation reserves. Our results demonstrate the increasing importance of upland reserves and that relatively small additions (16,000–28,000 km2) to the current conservation estate could provide substantial benefits to biodiversity facing changes to land cover and climate. On Borneo, much of this land is under forestry jurisdiction, warranting targeted conservation partnerships to safeguard biodiversity in an era of global change.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1016/j.cub.2014.11.067
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH75 Conservation (Biology)
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation
Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation > DICE (Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology)
Depositing User: Bob Smith
Date Deposited: 27 Feb 2015 09:51 UTC
Last Modified: 03 Feb 2020 11:37 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/47423 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Struebig, Matthew J.: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2058-8502
Smith, Robert J.: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1599-9171
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