Skip to main content

Final Lowering: Fact, Artifact or Dialectal Variation?

Arvaniti, Amalia (2004) Final Lowering: Fact, Artifact or Dialectal Variation? The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 116 (4). p. 2644. ISSN 0001-4966. (doi:10.1121/1.4785546) (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided) (KAR id:46471)

The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided. (Contact us about this Publication)
Official URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.4785546

Abstract

The existence of final lowering has been disputed by Grabe (1998), who suggested that Liberman and Pierrehumbert’s 1984 finding was due to declination, as there was an extra syllable, ‘‘and,’’ between the last two accents in their materials (e.g. ‘‘RASPberries, MULberries and BRAMBLEberries’’). Arvaniti and Godjevac (2003), however, replicated the results of L&P with and without the extra syllable (c.f. ‘‘LIma beans, NAvy beans and SOY beans’’ vs. ‘‘LIma beans, GREEN beans and SOY beans’’). Here, the materials used in A&G were elicited from speakers of Standard British English (SBE). The results confirmed that the disagreement between L&P and Grabe is due to dialect: the SBE speakers did not exhibit final lowering under either condition. They showed less steep F0 slopes, so all accents after the first had similar scaling, while the last accent showed a rise (rather than a fall, as in American English), enhancing the lack of final lowering. These differences show that final lowering is better seen as a phonological device that a linguistic variety may employ in a given melody. Also, the cross-varietal comparison supports the view that F0 downtrends consist of distinct components (declination, final lowering), each of which may be utilized independently of the others.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1121/1.4785546
Subjects: P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
Divisions: Faculties > Humanities > School of European Culture and Languages > English Language and Linguistics
Depositing User: Amalia Arvaniti
Date Deposited: 05 Jan 2015 14:36 UTC
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2019 10:38 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/46471 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Arvaniti, Amalia: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1689-1931
  • Depositors only (login required):