Skip to main content

The social construction of inclusion through Further Education

Williams, Joanna (2007) The social construction of inclusion through Further Education. In: British Educational Research Association Annual Conference, 5 September 2007, Institute of Education, University of London. (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided) (KAR id:4613)

Plain Text (Plain text conversion conversion from text/html to text/plain)
Language: English

Restricted to Repository staff only
[thumbnail of Plain text conversion conversion from text/html to text/plain]


This paper explores, through an analysis of key policy documents, the construction of the political concepts of social exclusion and inclusion through Further Education (FE). During the first decade of the New Labour government the concepts of social exclusion and inclusion have undergone a process of active construction. In between The Learning Age (1998b) and Raising Expectations (2007) different political concerns come to the fore. Whereas in 1998 social exclusion encompassed the broad category of "disadvantaged people" and reducing social exclusion was linked firmly to promoting employability, (1998b: 75) by 2007 interest with the socially excluded was more specifically focused upon "16-17 year olds not in education, employment or training (NEET)," (2007: 38) and FE was to promote social inclusion, in part, through challenging anti-social behaviour (2007: 5). Three main models of constructing inclusion emerge: instrumental, social and psychological (see appendix). This paper examines the impact of the instrumental model and argues that focusing FE upon the needs of the economy provides a narrow concept of inclusion and a degraded view of education.

Item Type: Conference or workshop item (Paper)
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education
Divisions: Divisions > Directorate of Education > Centre for the Study of Higher Education
Depositing User: Joanna Williams
Date Deposited: 15 Sep 2008 15:17 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2021 09:42 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
  • Depositors only (login required):