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The Motherhood Wage Penalty in Times of Transition

Nizalova, Olena, Sliusarenko, Tamara, Shpak, Solomiya (2016) The Motherhood Wage Penalty in Times of Transition. Journal of Comparative Economics, . ISSN 0147-5967. (doi:10.1016/j.jce.2015.10.009)

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Abstract

Depopulation trend in Ukraine caused to a large extent by the lowest low fertility rates raises serious concerns about long-term economic growth and the country’s future in general. In this paper we investigate the existence and the extent of the motherhood wage penalty as a potential impediment to having (more) children in a unique institutional environment. This environment is characterized by: de jure family supportive labor laws but de facto no legal enforcement of these laws; publicly subsidized childcare; and low cultural support for maternal employment, combined with extensive involvement of grand-parents. Relying on the data from the Ukrainian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey over the period from 1997 to 2007, we find that the overall motherhood wage penalty in Ukraine is much lower than in countries with similar de jure family policies and cultural norms. It constitutes approximately 19%, controlling for individual unobserved heterogeneity, a number of human capital characteristics, actual time in the labor force, and selection into employment. We also find that the motherhood wage penalty differs by education, age at birth of first child, and marital status.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1016/j.jce.2015.10.009
Additional information: full text upload compliant with journal regulations
Uncontrolled keywords: motherhood wage penalty; discrimination; wage differential
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Women > HQ755 Popular works. Guidebook for parents > HQ755.8 Parents. Parenthood
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Social Policy Sociology and Social Research > Personal Social Services Research Unit
Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Social Policy Sociology and Social Research > Centre for Health Services Studies
Depositing User: Olena Nizalova
Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2015 17:35 UTC
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 13:53 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/45991 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Nizalova, Olena: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1704-2632
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