Gang membership: The psychological evidence.

Alleyne, Emma and Wood, Jane L. (2012) Gang membership: The psychological evidence. In: Youth gangs in international perspective. Springer, New York. ISBN 978-1-4614-1658-6. (doi:https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-1659-3_9) (Full text available)

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Abstract

There is a growth in literature on the presence of gangs in metropolitan areas across the UK (e.g., Bennett and Holloway 2004; Sharp et al. 2006). To date, gang research has been primarily criminological and sociological in nature (Wood and Alleyne 2010), yet psychological findings have highlighted the individual differences that distinguish gang and nongang youth with similar social and environmental circumstances. Also, there is an abundance of psychological literature examining group processes, and considering that the gang is in fact, a group phenomenon, the literature linking group psychology and gangs is scant. The purpose of this chapter is to shed light on the psychological group processes that underpin gang membership and gang-related crime by presenting recent findings from research conducted in the UK. These findings, grounded within the framework of interactional theory, cover four main themes (1) the psychological effects of neighborhood gangs, (2) gang structure and intragroup processes, (3) the role of antiauthority attitudes in gangs, and (4) the role of psychology in gang-related behaviors. These four themes are discussed in the context of theory development and further study.

Item Type: Book section
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology > Centre of Research & Education in Forensic Psychology
Depositing User: Jane Wood
Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2014 16:54 UTC
Last Modified: 17 Jan 2017 13:08 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/45649 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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