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Developmental improvement and age-related decline in unfamiliar face matching

Megreya, Ahmed M., Bindemann, Markus (2015) Developmental improvement and age-related decline in unfamiliar face matching. Perception, 44 . pp. 5-22. ISSN 0301-0066.

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Abstract

Age-related changes have been documented widely in studies of face recognition and eyewitness identification. However, it is not clear whether these changes arise from general developmental differences in memory or occur specifically during the perceptual processing of faces. We report two experiments to track such perceptual changes using a 1-in-10 (Experiment 1) and 1-in-1 (Experiment 2) matching task for unfamiliar faces. Both experiments showed improvements in face matching during childhood and adult-like accuracy levels by adolescence. In addition, face-matching performance declined in adults of the age of 65. These findings indicate that developmental improvements and aging-related differences in face processing arise from changes in the perceptual encoding of faces. A clear face inversion effect was also present in all age groups. This indicates that those age-related changes in face matching reflect a quantitative effect, whereby typical face processes are engaged but do not operate at the best-possible level. These data suggest that part of the problem of eyewitness identification in children and elderly persons might reflect impairments in the perceptual processing of unfamiliar faces.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology > Cognitive Psychology
Depositing User: Markus Bindemann
Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2014 15:48 UTC
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 13:48 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/45626 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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