Skip to main content
Kent Academic Repository

Geography and Intra-National Home Bias: U.S. Domestic Trade in 1949 and 2007

Crafts, Nicholas, Klein, Alexander (2015) Geography and Intra-National Home Bias: U.S. Domestic Trade in 1949 and 2007. Journal of Economic Geography, 15 (3). pp. 477-497. ISSN 1468-2702. (doi:10.1093/jeg/lbu008) (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided) (KAR id:45093)

PDF Publisher pdf
Language: English

Restricted to Repository staff only
[thumbnail of J Econ Geogr-2015-Crafts&Klein-477-97.pdf]
Official URL:


This article examines home bias in U.S. domestic trade in 1949 and 2007. We use a unique data set of 1949 carload waybill statistics produced by the Interstate Commerce Commission, and 2007 Commodity Flow Survey data. The results show that home bias was considerably smaller in 1949 than in 2007 and that home bias in 1949 was even negative for several commodities. We argue that the difference between the geographical distribution of the manufacturing activities in 1949 and that of 2007 is an important factor explaining the differences in the magnitudes of home-bias estimates in those years.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1093/jeg/lbu008
Uncontrolled keywords: Intra-national home bias spatial clustering manufacturing belt gravity equation
Subjects: H Social Sciences
H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Economics
Depositing User: Alexander Klein
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2014 17:08 UTC
Last Modified: 17 Aug 2022 10:57 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

University of Kent Author Information

  • Depositors only (login required):

Total unique views for this document in KAR since July 2020. For more details click on the image.