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Evaluations of and reasoning about normative and deviant ingroup and outgroup members: Development of the black sheep effect.

Abrams, Dominic, Palmer, Sally B., Rutland, Adam, Cameron, Lindsey, Van de Vyver, Julie (2014) Evaluations of and reasoning about normative and deviant ingroup and outgroup members: Development of the black sheep effect. Developmental Psychology, 50 (1). pp. 258-270. ISSN 0012-1649. E-ISSN 1939-0599. (doi:10.1037/a0032461)

Abstract

Research with adults has demonstrated a “black sheep effect” (BSE) whereby, relative to evaluations of normative group members, ingroup deviants are derogated more than outgroup deviants. The developmental subjective group dynamics (DSGD) model holds that the BSE should develop during middle childhood when children apply wider social norms. Three hundred and thirty-eight children who were between 5 and 12 years old judged a normative (socially desirable) and a deviant (socially undesirable) member from an ingroup or an outgroup school. Results confirmed a developmental increase in the BSE, the first time this has been demonstrated. Children's own evaluations of group members were mediated by their expectations about ingroup peers' evaluations. In line with DSGD and social domain theories, with age, children's explanations of peer evaluations for ingroup deviance focused relatively more on loyalty. Practical and theoretical implications for peer inclusion and exclusion are discussed.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1037/a0032461
Additional information: Unmapped bibliographic data: Y1 - 2014/01// [EPrints field already has value set] U1 - Sponsor: British Academy Research Development; Grant: BARDA52827; Recipients: No recipient indicated [Field not mapped to EPrints] U1 - Sponsor: Economic and Social Research Council; Grant: ES/J500148/1; Other Details: CASE award with People United.; Recipients: No recipient indicated [Field not mapped to EPrints] AD - Abrams, Dominic, Centre for the Study of Group Processes, School of Psychology, University of Kent, Canterbury, United Kingdom, CT2 7NP [Field not mapped to EPrints] DB - psyh [Field not mapped to EPrints] DI - 10.1037/a0032461 [Field not mapped to EPrints] DP - EBSCOhost [Field not mapped to EPrints] AN - 2013-10764-001 [Field not mapped to EPrints] JO - Developmental Psychology [Field not mapped to EPrints]
Uncontrolled keywords: black sheep effect, exclusion, group dynamics, norms, social identity, deviants, ingroup members, outgroup members, developmental subjective group dynamics model, Group Dynamics, Ingroup Outgroup, Membership, Social Identity, Social Norms, Antisocial Behavior, Development, Models, Social Isolation
Subjects: H Social Sciences
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Lindsey Cameron
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2014 15:34 UTC
Last Modified: 24 Mar 2020 04:06 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/45056 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Abrams, Dominic: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2113-4572
Cameron, Lindsey: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1388-1970
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