Dimensions of test anxiety: Relations to ways of coping with pre-exam anxiety and uncertainty.

Stoeber, Joachim (2004) Dimensions of test anxiety: Relations to ways of coping with pre-exam anxiety and uncertainty. Anxiety, Stress & Coping: An international journal, 17 (3). pp. 213-226. ISSN 1061-5806. (doi:https://doi.org/10.1080/10615800412331292615) (Full text available)

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Cumulative evidence has shown that four dimensions can be differentiated in the experience of test anxiety: worry, emotionality, interference, and lack of confidence. To investigate whether these dimensions show specific relationships with ways of coping, a study with 162 students (75 male, 87 female) examined how students cope with anxiety and uncertainty in the run-up to important exams. Coping strategies included task orientation and preparation, seeking social support, and avoidance. Results showed that overall test anxiety was related to seeking social support. When dimensions of test anxiety were inspected individually while controlling for interdimensional overlap, however, results showed a specific pattern of relationships: (a) worry was related to task-orientation and preparation and inversely related to cognitive avoidance, (b) emotionality was related to task-orientation and preparation and seeking social support, and (c) interference was related to avoidance and inversely related to task-orientation and preparation, whereas (d) lack of confidence was related to avoidance only. Although some gender differences emerged, the findings indicate that the main components of test anxiety display different relationships with coping. Moreover, they confirm that it is important to differentiate between worry and interference because these dimensions, albeit closely related, may show opposite relationships with ways of coping.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: Test anxiety; Coping; Worry; Emotionality; Social support; Avoidance
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Joachim Stoeber
Date Deposited: 17 Jun 2008 14:41 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Apr 2014 10:11 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/4467 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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