The implications of the 2003 Common Agricultural Policy reforms for land-use and landscape quality in England

Tzanopoulos, Joseph and Jones, P.J. and Mortimer, S.R. (2012) The implications of the 2003 Common Agricultural Policy reforms for land-use and landscape quality in England. Landscape and Urban Planning, 108 (1). pp. 39-48. ISSN 0169-2046. (doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2012.07.012) (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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Official URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2012.07.01...

Abstract

The assessment of the potential landscape impacts of the latest Common Agricultural Policy reforms constitutes a challenge for policy makers and it requires the development of models that can reliably project the likely spatial distribution of land uses. The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of 2003 CAP reforms to land uses and rural landscapes across England. For this purpose we modified an existing economic model of agriculture, the Land-Use Allocation Model (LUAM) to provide outputs at a scale appropriate for informing a semi-quantitative landscape assessment at the level of 'Joint Character Areas' (JCAs). Overall a decline in the cereal and oilseed production area is projected but intensive arable production will persist in specific locations (East of England, East Midlands and South East), having ongoing negative effects on the character of many JCAs. The impacts of de-coupling will be far more profound on the livestock sector; extensification of production will occur in traditional mixed farming regions (e.g. the South West), a partial displacement of cattle by sheep in the upland regions and an increase in the sheep numbers is expected in the lowlands (South East, Eastern and East Midlands). This extensification process will affect positively those JCAs of mixed farming conditions, but it will have negative impacts on the JCAs of historically low intensity farming (e.g. the uplands of north-west) because they will suffer from under-management and land idling. Our analysis shows that the territorialisation between intensively and extensively agricultural landscapes will continue.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: Agricultural landscape, Agricultural policy, Arable, De-coupling, Land use model, Livestock, Agricultural landscapes, Agricultural policies, Arable, De-coupling, Land use models, Livestock, Economics, Land use, Wool, Agriculture, agricultural management, agricultural production, arable land, cattle, Common Agricultural Policy, economic analysis, farming system, land use change, land use planning, landscape planning, numerical model, policy making, policy reform, resource allocation, rural landscape, sheep, spatial distribution, territorial planning, upland region, England, United Kingdom, Bos, Ovis aries
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH75 Conservation (Biology)
S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation
Depositing User: Joseph Tzanopoulos
Date Deposited: 15 Nov 2014 12:32 UTC
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2015 16:33 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/44622 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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