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A 1-Year Study of Endurance Runners: Training, Laboratory Tests, and Field Tests

Galbraith, Andy, Hopker, James, Cardinale, Marco, Cunniffe, Brian, Passfield, Louis (2014) A 1-Year Study of Endurance Runners: Training, Laboratory Tests, and Field Tests. International journal of sports physiology and performance, 9 (6). pp. 1019-1025. ISSN 1555-0265. E-ISSN 1555-0273. (doi:10.1123/ijspp.2013-0508) (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided) (KAR id:43634)

The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided. (Contact us about this Publication)
Official URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2013-0508

Abstract

PURPOSE

To examine the training and concomitant changes in laboratory- and field-test performance of highly trained endurance runners.

METHODS

Fourteen highly trained male endurance runners (mean ± SD maximal oxygen uptake [VO2max] 69.8 ± 6.3 mL · kg-1 · min-1) completed this 1-y training study commencing in April. During the study the runners undertook 5 laboratory tests of VO2max, lactate threshold (LT), and running economy and 9 field tests to determine critical speed (CS) and the modeled maximum distance performed above CS (D'). The data for different periods of the year were compared using repeated-measures ANOVA. The influence of training on laboratory- and field-test changes was analyzed by multiple regression.

RESULTS

Total training distance varied during the year and was lower in May-July (333 ± 206 km, P = .01) and July-August (339 ± 206 km, P = .02) than in the subsequent January-February period (474 ± 188 km). VO2max increased from the April baseline (4.7 ± 0.4 L/min) in October and January periods (5.0 ± 0.4 L/min, P ? .01). Other laboratory measures did not change. Runners' CS was lowest in August (4.90 ± 0.32 m/s) and highest in February (4.99 ± 0.30 m/s, P = .02). Total training distance and the percentage of training time spent above LT velocity explained 33% of the variation in CS.

CONCLUSION

Highly trained endurance runners achieve small but significant changes in VO2max and CS in a year. Increases in training distance and time above LT velocity were related to increases in CS.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1123/ijspp.2013-0508
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports medicine
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Natural Sciences > School of Sport and Exercise Sciences
Depositing User: James Hopker
Date Deposited: 23 Oct 2014 19:01 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2021 12:56 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/43634 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Hopker, James: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4786-7037
Passfield, Louis: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6223-162X
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