Skip to main content

Pixelating Familiar People in the Media: Should Masking Be Taken at Face Value?

Demanet, Jelle, Dhont, Kristof, Notebaert, Lies, Pattyn, Sven, Vandierendonck, Andre (2007) Pixelating Familiar People in the Media: Should Masking Be Taken at Face Value? Psychologica Belgica, 47 (4). pp. 261-276. ISSN 0033-2879. (doi:10.5334/pb-47-4-261) (KAR id:42831)

Language: English
Download (206kB) Preview
[thumbnail of Demanet et al 2007 pixelating PsyBel.pdf]
This file may not be suitable for users of assistive technology.
Request an accessible format
Official URL:


This study questions the effectiveness of masking faces by means of pixelation on television or in newspapers. Previous studies have shown that masking just the face leads to unacceptably high recognition levels, making it likely that participants also use other cues for recognition, such as hairstyle or clothes. In the current study we investigate this possibility by means of an identification task in which participants had to identify (partially) masked images of familiar people. To demonstrate that non-facial cues become increasingly important for recognition as faces are masked more strongly, we manipulated the size of the masked area and the degree of pixelation. Confirming our expectations, increasing the size of masked area or its level of deterioration led to lower recognition rates. More importantly, also an interaction effect between the two variables emerged, showing that additional visual information partly compensates the downswing in recognition when masking becomes stronger. Although in some conditions low recognition rates were found, masking was never a hundred percent effective, making it clear that the media should approach this issue with care. Implications of our findings and future directions are considered

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.5334/pb-47-4-261
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Kristof Dhont
Date Deposited: 05 Sep 2014 08:55 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2021 10:17 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Dhont, Kristof:
  • Depositors only (login required):


Downloads per month over past year