Opening Closed Minds: The Combined Effects of Intergroup Contact and Need for Closure on Prejudice

Dhont, Kristof, Roets, Arne, Van Hiel, Alain (2011) Opening Closed Minds: The Combined Effects of Intergroup Contact and Need for Closure on Prejudice. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 37 (4). pp. 514-528. ISSN 0146-1672. E-ISSN 1552-7433. (doi:10.1177/0146167211399101) (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0146167211399101

Abstract

Five studies tested whether Need for Closure (NFC) moderates the relationship between intergroup contact and prejudice toward immigrants. The results consistently showed that intergroup contact was more strongly associated with reduced levels of prejudice among people high in NFC compared to people low in NFC. Studies 1 (N = 138 students) and 2 (N = 294 adults) demonstrated this moderator effect on subtle, modern, and blatant racism. Study 2 also replicated the moderator effect for extended contact. An experimental field study (Study 3; N = 60 students) provided evidence of the causal direction of the moderator effect. Finally, Studies 4 (N = 125 students) and 5 (N = 135 adults) identified intergroup anxiety as the mediator through which the moderator effect influences modern and blatant racism as well as hostile tendencies toward immigrants. The role of motivated cognition in the relationship between intergroup contact and prejudice is discussed.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1177/0146167211399101
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Kristof Dhont
Date Deposited: 03 Sep 2014 19:07 UTC
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 13:03 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/42825 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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