The intergenerational transmission of need for closure underlies the transmission of authoritarianism and anti-immigrant prejudice

Dhont, Kristof, Roets, Arne, Van Hiel, Alain (2013) The intergenerational transmission of need for closure underlies the transmission of authoritarianism and anti-immigrant prejudice. Personality and Individual Differences, 54 (6). pp. 779-784. ISSN 0191-8869. (doi:10.1016/j.paid.2012.12.016)

Abstract

Previous research has identified need for closure (NFC) as an important motivational cognitive basis of authoritarianism and prejudice. However, to date, the role of NFC in the intergenerational similarity in authoritarianism and prejudice has remained unclear. In a sample of 169 parent-child dyads, we investigated the similarity between parents and children in NFC and tested whether this intergenerational similarity may account for the intergenerational similarity in authoritarianism and anti-immigrant prejudice. Our results revealed that parental levels of NFC were indeed concordant with the levels of NFC in their children. Even more importantly, parental NFC was indirectly related to child authoritarianism and prejudice in two ways. The first pathway proceeded through the direct relationships between parental and children’s levels of authoritarianism and prejudice. The second pathway, however, bypassed parental levels of authoritarianism and prejudice and proceeded through the intergenerational similarity in NFC. Our findings thus indicate that a significant portion of children’s levels of authoritarianism and anti-immigrant prejudice can be explained by parents–child similarity in motivated cognition. Implications for developmental theories of prejudice acquisition are discussed.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1016/j.paid.2012.12.016
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology > Social Psychology
Depositing User: Kristof Dhont
Date Deposited: 03 Sep 2014 18:44 UTC
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 13:03 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/42822 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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