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Self-referential memory in autism spectrum disorder and typical development: Exploring the ownership effect

Grisdale, E, Lind, Sophie E., Eacott, M.J., Williams, David M. (2014) Self-referential memory in autism spectrum disorder and typical development: Exploring the ownership effect. Consciousness and Cognition, 30 . pp. 133-141. ISSN 1053-8100. (doi:10.1016/j.concog.2014.08.023)

Abstract

Owned objects occupy a privileged cognitive processing status and are viewed almost as extensions of the self. It has been demonstrated that items over which a sense of ownership is felt will be better recalled than other items. As autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterised by an impaired self-concept, people with ASD may not demonstrate this ownership effect. Two experiments were conducted which replicate Cunningham, Turk, Macdonald, & Macrae (2008). In Experiment 1, neurotypical adults completed a card sorting task and cards belonging to the ‘self’ were better remembered than cards belonging to the ‘other’. In the second experiment, adults with ASD recalled self- and other-referent items equally well. These results shed light both on the nature of the self-concept in ASD and the relationship between sense of self and the ownership effect.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1016/j.concog.2014.08.023
Uncontrolled keywords: Autism spectrum disorder, recognition memory, ownership, self-reference effect, self-awareness
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology > Developmental Psychology
Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: David Williams
Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2014 13:18 UTC
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 13:02 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/42791 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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