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Individual and organizational determinants of alcohol screening and brief intervention implementation in emergency departments (sips-ed)

Deluca, P., Coulton, Simon, Perryman, K., Bland, M., Cassidy, P., Crawford, M., Gilvarry, E., Godfrey, C., Heather, N., Kaner, E., and others. (2012) Individual and organizational determinants of alcohol screening and brief intervention implementation in emergency departments (sips-ed). In: Alcoholism-Clinical And Experimental Research. 36 (S1). 162A-162A. (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided) (KAR id:42590)

The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided.
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Abstract

Objectives: This study explored individual and organisational barriers to and facilitators of

effective implementation of alcohol screening and brief intervention in 9 Emergency

Departments (EDs). This study was part of a large UK research programme on Screening and

Intervention Programme for Sensible Drinking (SIPS).

Methods: Nine EDs were recruited in three regions of England and 282 ED staff (mean 31.3

per ED; range 8–82) were trained in the study and intervention procedures. ED staff were

required to deliver one of three screening tools and one of three brief interventions. All staff

received appropriate training and support. Staff attitudes were measured before (T1) and

straight after training (T2) as well as post implementation (T3) using the Short Alcohol and

Alcohol Problems Perception Questionnaire (SAAPPQ). Additional questions on organisational

factors affecting the implementation of SBI were asked at T2 and T3. Data were also

collected to measure the performance of screening and delivery of intervention in each

setting.

Results: While staff were keen to be trained and while their attitudes and motivations

significantly improved after training (p <.o1), there were several barriers to implementation

which limited SBI activity across most settings, including workload pressures, lack of time,

perceived lack of importance of alcohol in ED, high staff turnover, other competing priorities

and feeling forced to take on extra work.

Only 3 of 9 EDs were able to implement the protocol without additional input from the

research team beyond training and regular support. In the remaining EDs it was necessary to

deploy researchers and Alcohol Health Workers to complete screening and intervention.

Successful sites were noted to have a keen ‘clinical champion’ who prioritised the screening

and brief intervention activity, voluntary participation of ED staff, supportive managers, and a

small number of core staff who were keen to participate and able to be engaged by the

research team. Training large numbers of staff yielded less screening and intervention activity.

Conclusions: Implementation of SBI in ED will be difficult in clinical practice due to the

exigencies of ED care, and is likely in most cases to require delivery by dedicated outside

specialist alcohol staff. Successful implementation also depends on local clinical and

managerial champions and having a small number of dedicated staff who have responsibility

for delivery of SBI.

Item Type: Conference or workshop item (Poster)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare > HV5001 Alcoholism and intemperance
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions: Divisions > Division for the Study of Law, Society and Social Justice > School of Social Policy, Sociology and Social Research > Centre for Health Services Studies
Depositing User: Tony Rees
Date Deposited: 21 Aug 2014 15:24 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2021 10:16 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/42590 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Coulton, Simon: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7704-3274
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