Where has all the psychology gone? A critical review of evidence-based psychological practice in correctional settings

Gannon, Theresa A. and Ward, Tony (2014) Where has all the psychology gone? A critical review of evidence-based psychological practice in correctional settings. Aggression and Violent Behavior., 19 (4). pp. 435-446. ISSN 1359-1789. (doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.avb.2014.06.006) (Full text available)

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Abstract

Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) represents the gold standard for effective clinical psychological practice. In this review, we examine ways in which EBP tenets are being neglected by correctional psychologists worldwide. We examine three key aspects of EBP currently being neglected: (a) individualized and flexible client focus, (b) the therapeutic alliance, and (c) psychological expertise. We also highlight two highly related issues responsible for correctional psychologists' neglect of EBP. The first relates to policy makers' and correctional psychologists' overreliance on the Risk–Need–Responsivity Model to guide correctional practice. We argue that the narrow focus and implementation of this model has resulted in a severe identity problem for correctional psychologists that has severely exacerbated the dual relationship problem. That is, the tension psychologists experience as a result of engaging in psychological practice while also obliging the risk and security policies of correctional systems. The second issue concerns psychologists' response to the dual relationship problem. In short, psychology, as a discipline appears to have acquiesced to the dual-relationship problem. In our view, this constitutes a ‘crisis’ for the discipline of correctional psychology. We offer several recommendations for injecting EBP back into correctional psychology for the individual, psychology as a discipline, and correctional policy makers.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: Corrections; Dual relationship problem; Evidence-Based Practice; Risk–need–responsivity; Rehabilitation; Science-practice gap
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology > Centre of Research & Education in Forensic Psychology
Depositing User: Theresa Gannon
Date Deposited: 19 Aug 2014 09:23 UTC
Last Modified: 17 Jan 2017 14:51 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/42430 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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