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A conserved lipid-binding loop in the kindlin FERM F1 domain is required for kindlin-mediated aIIbB3 integrin coactivation

Bouaouina, Mohamed, Goult, Benjamin T, Huet-Calderwood, Clotilde, Bate, Neil, Brahme, Nina N, Barsukov, Igor L, Critchley, David R, Calderwood, David A (2012) A conserved lipid-binding loop in the kindlin FERM F1 domain is required for kindlin-mediated aIIbB3 integrin coactivation. The Journal of biological chemistry, 287 (10). pp. 6979-6990. ISSN 1083-351X. (doi:10.1074/jbc.M111.330845) (KAR id:42115)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M111.330845

Abstract

The activation of heterodimeric integrin adhesion receptors from low to high affinity states occurs in response to intracellular signals that act on the short cytoplasmic tails of integrin beta subunits. Binding of the talin FERM (four-point-one, ezrin, radixin, moesin) domain to the integrin beta-tail provides one key activation signal, but recent data indicate that the kindlin family of FERM domain proteins also play a central role. Kindlins directly bind integrin beta subunit cytoplasmic domains at a site distinct from the talin-binding site, and target to focal adhesions in adherent cells. However, the mechanisms by which kindlins impact integrin activation remain largely unknown. A notable feature of kindlins is their similarity to the integrin-binding and activating talin FERM domain. Drawing on this similarity, here we report the identification of an unstructured insert in the kindlin F1 FERM domain, and provide evidence that a highly conserved polylysine motif in this loop supports binding to negatively charged phospholipid head groups. We further show that the F1 loop and its membrane-binding motif are required for kindlin-1 targeting to focal adhesions, and for the cooperation between kindlin-1 and -2 and the talin head in aIIbB3 integrin activation, but not for kindlin binding to integrin beta tails. These studies highlight the structural and functional similarities between kindlins and the talin head and indicate that as for talin, FERM domain interactions with acidic membrane phospholipids as well beta-integrin tails contribute to the ability of kindlins to activate integrins.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1074/jbc.M111.330845
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Natural Sciences > Biosciences
Depositing User: Ben Goult
Date Deposited: 07 Aug 2014 16:05 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2021 10:16 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/42115 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Goult, Benjamin T: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3438-2807
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