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The electronic structure of europium chalcogenides and pnictides

Horne, M., Strange, Paul, Temmerman, Walter, Szotek, Zdzislawa, Svane, Axel, Winter, Herman (2004) The electronic structure of europium chalcogenides and pnictides. Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 16 (28). pp. 5061-5074. ISSN 0953-8984. (doi:10.1088/0953-8984/16/28/024) (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided) (KAR id:41354)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0953-8984/16/28/024

Abstract

The electronic structure of some europium chalcogenides and pnictides is calculated using the ab initio self-interaction corrected local-spin-density approximation (SIC-LSD). This approach allows both a localized description of the rare earth f-electrons and an itinerant description of s-, p-, and d-electrons. Localizing different numbers of f-electrons on the rare earth atom corresponds to different nominal valencies, and the total energies can be compared, providing a first-principles description of valency. All the chalcogenides are found to be insulators in the ferromagnetic state and to have a divalent configuration. For the pnictides we find that EuN is half-metallic and the rest are normal metals. However, a valence change occurs as we go down the pnictide column of the periodic table. EuN and EuP are trivalent, EuAs is only just trivalent, and EuSb is found to be divalent. Our results suggest that these materials may find applications in spintronic and spin filtering devices.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1088/0953-8984/16/28/024
Uncontrolled keywords: Physics of Quantum Materials
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Faculties > Sciences > School of Physical Sciences > Functional Materials Group
Depositing User: Paul Strange
Date Deposited: 09 Jun 2014 11:32 UTC
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2020 04:06 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/41354 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Strange, Paul: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5818-8032
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