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“How many bad apples does it take to spoil the whole barrel?”: Social exclusion and toleration for bad apples

Kerr, Norbert L., Rumble, Ann C., Park, Ernest S., Ouwerkerk, Jaap W., Parks, Craig D., Gallucci, Marcello, van Lange, Paul A. M. (2009) “How many bad apples does it take to spoil the whole barrel?”: Social exclusion and toleration for bad apples. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45 (4). pp. 603-613. ISSN 0022-1031. E-ISSN 1939-2222. (doi:10.1016/j.jesp.2009.02.017) (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided) (KAR id:41329)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2009.02.017

Abstract

In social dilemmas, where personal welfare is in con?ict with collective welfare, there are inherent incentives

group members ("bad apples”) is more in?uential than the example of comparable numbers of cooperative

between the number of likely bad apples and individual cooperation, and whether and when the threat

example of such ‘‘bad apples”. It is shown that (a) the threat of exclusion is suf?cient to counter the temptation

effects of large numbers (e.g., a majority) of bad apples, and (c) the effectiveness of such threats

may be greater in relatively smaller groups.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1016/j.jesp.2009.02.017
Uncontrolled keywords: cooperation, exclusion, ostracism, social dilemma
Subjects: H Social Sciences
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Norbert Kerr
Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2014 21:23 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2021 12:53 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/41329 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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