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Influence of Batch Cooling Crystallization on Mannitol Physical Properties and Drug Dispersion from Dry Powder Inhalers

Kaialy, Waseem, Larhrib, Hassan, Ticehurst, Martyn D, Nokhodchi, Ali (2012) Influence of Batch Cooling Crystallization on Mannitol Physical Properties and Drug Dispersion from Dry Powder Inhalers. Crystal Growth & Design, 12 (6). pp. 3006-3017. ISSN 1528-7505. (doi:10.1021/cg300224w) (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided. (Contact us about this Publication)
Official URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/cg300224w

Abstract

This study provides, for the first time, an evaluation of the physicochemical properties of batch cooling crystallized mannitol particles combined with how these properties correlated with the inhalation performance from a dry powder inhaler (Aerolizer). The results showed that the type of polymorph changed from ?-form (commercial mannitol) to mixtures of ?- + ?-mannitol (cooling crystallized mannitol crystals). In comparison to mannitol particles, crystallized at a higher supersaturation degree, a lower degree of supersaturation favored the formation of mannitol crystals with a more regular and elongated habit, smoother surface, higher specific surface area, higher fine particle content, higher bulk density, and higher tap density. Cooling crystallized mannitol particles demonstrated considerably lower salbutamol sulfate–mannitol adhesion in comparison to commercial mannitol, with a linear reduction as surface roughness decreased and fines content increased. Also, mannitol crystals with smoother surfaces demonstrated a reduction in salbutamol sulfate content uniformity (expressed as %CV) within salbutamol sulfate–mannitol formulations. Despite the different physical properties, all mannitol products showed similar flow properties and similar emission of salbutamol sulfate upon inhalation. However, mannitol crystals grown from lower supersaturation (reduced roughness and increased fines) generated a finer aerodynamic size distribution and consequently deposited higher amounts of salbutamol sulfate on lower stages of the impactor. Regression analysis indicated linear relationships showing higher fine particle fraction of salbutamol sulfate in the case of mannitol particles having a more elongated shape, higher fines content, higher specific surface area, higher bulk density, and higher tap density. In conclusion, a cooling crystallization technique could be controlled to produce mannitol particles with controlled physical properties that could be used to influence aerosolization performance of a dry powder inhaler product.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1021/cg300224w
Additional information: number of additional authors: 2;
Subjects: Q Science
R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Divisions: Faculties > Sciences > Medway School of Pharmacy
Depositing User: Stewart Brownrigg
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2014 00:05 UTC
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 12:24 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/40404 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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