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Challenge and threat states: Cardiovascular, affective, and cognitive responses to a sports-related speech task

Meijen, Carla, Jones, Marc V., Sheffield, David, McCarthy, Paul J. (2014) Challenge and threat states: Cardiovascular, affective, and cognitive responses to a sports-related speech task. Motivation and Emotion, 38 (2). pp. 252-262. ISSN 1573-6644. (doi:10.1007/s11031-013-9370-5) (KAR id:40372)

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Official URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11031-013-9370-5

Abstract

This study examined the relationship among cardiovascular responses indicative of challenge and threat states, self-efficacy, perceived control, and emotions before an upcoming competition. Using a repeated-measures design, 48 collegiate athletes talked about an upcoming competition (sport-specific speech task) and the topic of friendship (control speech task), whilst cardiovascular responses (heart rate, preejection period, cardiac output, and total peripheral resistance) were collected and self-report measures of self-efficacy, perceived control, and emotions completed. Findings showed that participants with a physiological threat response reported higher levels of self-efficacy and excitement. Further, none of the other emotions or the cognitive appraisals of challenge and threat predicted cardiovascular patterns indicative of either a challenge or threat state. Thus, cardiovascular responses and self-report measures of self-efficacy, perceived control, and emotions did not correlate in the manner predicted by the theory of challenge and threat states in athletes. This finding may reflect methodological aspects, or that perhaps highly efficacious individuals believe they can perform well and so the task itself is more threatening because failure would indicate under-performance.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1007/s11031-013-9370-5
Additional information: number of additional authors: 3; article number: 1;
Uncontrolled keywords: Cardiovascular responses, Self-efficacy, Control, Emotion, Cognitive appraisal
Subjects: H Social Sciences
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Natural Sciences > School of Sport and Exercise Sciences
Depositing User: C. Meijen
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2014 00:05 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2021 12:52 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/40372 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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