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Refuting the technological cornerstone of the Ice-Age Atlantic crossing hypothesis

Eren, Metin I., Patten, Robert J., O'Brien, Michael J., Meltzer, David J. (2013) Refuting the technological cornerstone of the Ice-Age Atlantic crossing hypothesis. Journal of Archaeological Science, 40 (7). pp. 2934-2941. ISSN 0305-4403. (doi:10.1016/j.jas.2013.02.031) (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided. (Contact us about this Publication)
Official URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2013.02.031

Abstract

The “North Atlantic Ice-Edge Corridor” hypothesis proposes that sometime during the Last Glacial Maximum, roughly 26,500–19,000 years ago, human populations from southern France and the Iberian Peninsula made their way across the North Atlantic and colonized North America. A key element of that hypothesis is the apparent similarity between stone-tool-production techniques of Solutrean peoples of Western Europe and Clovis and purportedly pre-Clovis peoples of eastern North America, most especially the supposed intentional use of “controlled overshot flaking,” a technique for thinning a bifacial stone tool during manufacture. Overshot flakes, struck from prepared edges of the tool, travel across the face and remove part of the opposite margin. Experimental and archaeological data demonstrate, however, that the most parsimonious explanation for the production of overshot flakes is that they are accidental products created incidentally and inconsistently as knappers attempt to thin bifaces. Thus, instead of representing historical divergence, overshot flakes in Clovis and Solutrean assemblages mark convergence in the use of the same simple solution for thinning bifaces that produced analogous detritus.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1016/j.jas.2013.02.031
Additional information: Contribution 60%; number of additional authors: 3;
Uncontrolled keywords: Biface thinning, Clovis, Efficiency, Evolutionary convergence,Experimental archaeology, Solutrean, Overshot flaking, Peopling of North America, Paleoindian, Pre-Clovis.
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GN Anthropology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation > Biological Anthropology
Depositing User: Stewart Brownrigg
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2014 00:05 UTC
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 12:23 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/40348 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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