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Talking about living and dying with the oldest old: public involvement in a study on end of life care in care homes

Goodman, Claire M., Mathie, Elspeth, Cowe, Marion, Mendoza, Alex, Westwood, Daphne, Munday, Diane, Wilson, Patricia M., Crang, Clare, Froggatt, Katherine, Iliffe, Steve, and others. (2011) Talking about living and dying with the oldest old: public involvement in a study on end of life care in care homes. BMC Palliative Care, 10 (20). ISSN 1472-684X. (doi:10.1186/1472-684X-10-20) (KAR id:39068)

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Background: Public involvement in research on sensitive subjects, such as death and dying, can help to ensure

that questions are framed to reflect the interests of their peers, develop a shared understanding of issues raised,

and moderate the often unequal power relationship between researcher and participant. This paper describes the

contribution and impact of older members of a Public Involvement in Research group (PIRg) to a study on living

and dying in care homes.

Methods: A longitudinal study, with a mixed method approach, its aims were to capture key experiences, events

and change over one year, of older people resident in participating care homes in the East of England. Residents

were interviewed up to three times and their case notes were reviewed four times over the year. Interviews were

semi structured, and recorded. Four members of a Public Involvement in Research group (PIRg) contributed to

preliminary discussions about the research and three were involved with many of the subsequent stages of the

research process including the facilitation of discussion groups with residents.

Results: There were three areas where the involvement of the Public Involvement in Research group (PIRg)

positively influenced the study process. These were recruitment, governance and safeguarding, and in collaboration

with the residents in the care homes, the discussion and interpretation of emergent findings. PIRg members were

of similar age to the residents and their involvement provided different and often more reflective insights of the

significance of the findings for the participants. There were examples where decision making about the range of

PIRg participation was not always negotiable, and this raised issues about power relationships within the team.

Nevertheless, PIRg members expressed personal benefit and satisfaction through participating in the research and a

commitment to continue to support research with this older age group.

Conclusions: The contribution of the PIRg supported a successful recruitment process that exceeded response

rates of other studies in care homes. It safeguarded residents during the conduct of research on a sensitive topic

and helped in validating the interview data gathered by the researchers through the discussion groups facilitated

by the PIRg. There were power differentials that persisted and affected PIRg participation. The study has showed

the value of developing job descriptions and a more formal means of setting out respective expectations. Future

research may wish to elicit the views of focal participants in such studies about the mediation of research by

public involvement in research.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1186/1472-684X-10-20
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC952 Geriatrics
Divisions: Divisions > Division for the Study of Law, Society and Social Justice > School of Social Policy, Sociology and Social Research > Centre for Health Services Studies
Depositing User: Tony Rees
Date Deposited: 08 Apr 2014 12:09 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2021 10:15 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Wilson, Patricia M.:
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