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A multi-level perspective on equal employment opportunity for women in Pakistan

Ali, Faiza (2013) A multi-level perspective on equal employment opportunity for women in Pakistan. Equality, Diversity and Inclusion: An International Journal, 32 (3). pp. 289-309. ISSN 2040-7149. (doi:10.1108/EDI-12-2012-0110) (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided. (Contact us about this Publication)
Official URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/EDI-12-2012-0110

Abstract

Purpose - Informed by a relational theorisation of equal opportunity, this paper seeks to focus on multi-level experiences and observations of women working in Pakistan's formal employment sector considering issues and challenges facing them at three levels of analysis, i.e. macro-societal, meso-organisational and micro-individual. Design/methodology/approach - Drawing on in-depth qualitative interviews with 30 working women in Lahore, the paper examines multi-level issues of women working in Pakistani organisations. Findings - The study reveals that focusing exclusively on organisations and holding them solely accountable for equal opportunity may be inadequate as organisational structures and routines of equal opportunity are affected by both macro-societal factors (e.g. legal, socio-cultural) and micro-individual factors (e.g. intersectionality, agency). In particular, the study highlights unique socio-cultural and structural challenges facing working women in Pakistan and the ways in which these women are able to negotiate and overcome some of these challenges. Research limitations/implications - The study is based on six Pakistani organisations located in Lahore, Punjab, and may not be generalized to represent issues and challenges of equal opportunity in other provinces of Pakistan. Practical implications - The paper suggests that employers may pay special attention to socio-cultural issues facing women to promote gender equality at the workplace. Originality/value - The study contributes to the equal employment opportunity literature by exploring gender equality issues in a Muslim majority country's context. © 2013 Emerald Group Publishing Limited. All rights reserved

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1108/EDI-12-2012-0110
Additional information: Cited By (since 1996):2Export Date: 17 February 2014Source: Scopus
Uncontrolled keywords: Employment; Equal employment opportunity; Equal opportunities; Multi-level; Muslim women; Pakistan; Women
Subjects: H Social Sciences
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > Kent Business School > Industrial Relations/HRM
Depositing User: Tracey Pemble
Date Deposited: 17 Feb 2014 14:12 UTC
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 11:52 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/38325 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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