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Human resettlement and tiger conservation – Socio-economic assessment of pastoralists reveals a rare conservation opportunity in a human-dominated landscape

Harihar, Abishek, Ghosh-Harihar, Mousumi, MacMillan, Douglas C. (2014) Human resettlement and tiger conservation – Socio-economic assessment of pastoralists reveals a rare conservation opportunity in a human-dominated landscape. Biological Conservation, 169 (2). pp. 167-175. ISSN 0006-3207. (doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2013.11.012) (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided) (KAR id:38244)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2013.11.012

Abstract

Resettlement of people for conservation is a contentious issue, but remains an important policy for conserving

should ideally be supported with careful evaluation of the needs of wildlife, socio-economic

a semi-structured questionnaire survey of 158 households across a gradient of tiger occupancy, we found

opportunity to expand inviolate areas for tigers in the western Terai Arc Landscape. The main ‘push

education and health facilities. Thus, our findings represent a rare instance where excessive extraction

The desire for resettlement was also re-enforced by losses of livestock to diseases (72.7%) and carnivores

resettled households. Demand for resettlement was uniformly strong regardless of local tiger occupancy,

given higher livestock depredation and possibilities for conflict. Our findings, therefore, represent a novel

of predator pressure, and could build a constituency for tiger conservation among local communities

consistent with national and global objectives.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1016/j.biocon.2013.11.012
Uncontrolled keywords: Compensation, Human resettlement, Tigers, Livelihood, Livestock depredation
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GF Human ecology. Anthropogeography
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation
Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation > DICE (Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology)
Depositing User: Douglas MacMillan
Date Deposited: 12 Feb 2014 12:06 UTC
Last Modified: 05 Feb 2020 04:05 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/38244 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
MacMillan, Douglas C.: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2573-5049
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