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Introduction: Commercial Diplomacy and International Business: Merging International Business and International Relations

Lee, Donna and Ruel, Huub (2012) Introduction: Commercial Diplomacy and International Business: Merging International Business and International Relations. In: Ruel, Huub, ed. Commercial Diplomacy and International Business: A Conceptual and Empirical Exploration. Emerald. ISBN 978-1-78052-675-1. (doi:10.1108/S1877-6361(2012)0000009004)

Abstract

International business has always been intimately linked to the politics of the global economy. Expansion and investment strategies of business play a key role in de?ning the architecture of the global economy. The shifting dynamic of the global economy such as the emergence of fast growing economies in, for example, India, China, South Africa and Brazil can be partly explained by the emergence of new market players such as the India transnational car manufacturer Tata, as well as the adaptation of established international businesses in the West to the new market opportunities in the South and the East. Equally, the recent (and in places ongoing) economic crises of the West owes as much to the failures of international business — notably the banking and investment industry — as it does to the failures of government policy. At the same time the international political dimension to the global economy explains the regulatory forces which also determine the architecture of the global economy. The far reaching policy liberalization of international trade through international (namely the World Trade Organisation) and regional treaties and rule- making, and the global deregulation of the investment and ?nancial services sector of the global economy driven by the neoliberal policies of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund have created economic risks and opportunities for international business by opening up and creating new markets. The strategies of nation states and international business determine the architecture of the global economy and create both economic crises and dynamic growth at one and the same time in the contemporary global economy. So it is that for much of the ?rst decade or so of the new century the West has endured an age of austerity brought on by sustained economic decline and high indebtedness. The once market dominant economies of the United States and West European economies are now struggling to reverse negative economic growth. By contrast large previously peripheral under- developed economies in Africa and Asia are enjoying remarkable and sustained growth rates and their exports and investments now fuel an overall growth in the global economy.

Item Type: Book section
DOI/Identification number: 10.1108/S1877-6361(2012)0000009004
Uncontrolled keywords: commercial diplomacy, business diplomacy, international political economy, World Trade Organisation, neoliberal policies, international business
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
J Political Science > JZ International relations
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Politics and International Relations
Depositing User: Donna Lee
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2014 21:40 UTC
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 11:49 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/38125 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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