Socially biased learning among adult cottontop tamarins (Saguinus oedipus)

Dillis, Christopher and Humle, Tatyana and Snowdon, Charles T. (2010) Socially biased learning among adult cottontop tamarins (Saguinus oedipus). American Journal of Primatology, 72 (4). pp. 287-295. ISSN 0275-2565. (doi:https://doi.org/10.1002/ajp.20778) (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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Abstract

We presented adult cottontop tamarins (Saguinus oedipus) with a novel foraging task that had been used previously to examine socially biased learning of juvenile observers [Humle & Snowdon, Animal Behaviour 75:267-277, 2008]. The task could be solved in one of two ways, and thus allowed for an analysis of behavioral matching between an observer and a skilled demonstrator (trained to use one of the two methods exclusively). Because the demonstrator was an adult in both this study and the juvenile study, the influence of the observer's age could be isolated and examined, as well as the behavior of demonstrators toward observers of different ages. Our main goals were to (1) compare adults and juveniles acquiring the same task to identify how the age of the observer affects socially biased learning and (2) examine the relationship between socially biased learning and behavioral matching in adults. Although adults spent less time observing the trained demonstrators than did juveniles, the adults were more proficient at solving the task. Furthermore, even though observers did not overtly match the behavior of the demonstrator, observation remained an important factor in the success of these individuals. The findings suggested that adult observers could extract information needed to solve a novel foraging task without explicitly matching the behavior of the demonstrator. Adult observers begged much less than juveniles and demonstrators did not respond to begging from adult. Skill acquisition and the process of socially biased learning are, therefore, age-dependent and are influenced by the behavioral interactions between observer and demonstrator. To what extent this holds true for other primates or animal species still needs to be more fully investigated and considered when designing experiments and interpreting results.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: Behavioral matching, Cottontop tamarin, Foraging task, Social learning, age structure, behavioral response, data acquisition, foraging behavior, frugivory, isolated population, juvenile, observational method, primate, social behavior, aging, animal, animal behavior, Anthropoidea, appetite, article, female, learning, male, physiology, psychological aspect, social behavior, Aging, Animals, Appetitive Behavior, Behavior, Animal, Female, Learning, Male, Saguinus, Social Behavior, Animalia, Primates, Saguinus imperator, Saguinus oedipus, Simiiformes
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Q Science > QH Natural history
Q Science > QL Zoology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation
Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation > Biological Anthropology
Depositing User: Tatyana Humle
Date Deposited: 04 Apr 2014 14:15 UTC
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2018 10:03 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/38028 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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